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GA CENTRAL MUNICIPAL ASSEMBLY

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH DEPARTMENT

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The Greater Accra Resilient and Integrated Development (GARID) project aims to eliminate incidence of solid waste tipping into water ways. Thus eliminating obstructions that impede the free flow of storm water in drains thereby minimizing flooding.

The Ga Central Municipal Assembly (GCMA) is one of the 17 GARID Metropolitan and Municipal Assemblies (MMAs) charged with the task of conducting four (4) clean-up exercises and awareness creation for attitudinal change activities before the end of first quarter 2024. The program is a collaboration between the Ministry of sanitation and water resources and GARID to Support MMDAs by post financing the four (4) exercises with GHC 60,000per municipality.

The Ga Central Municipal Assembly organized the first exercise from 26th February to 1st March 2024 at Santa Maria. The exercise was spearheaded by the Environmental Health and Sanitation Unit with support from other departments like NADMO, ISD, MIS, the Hon. Assembly member and other opinion leaders.  Not forgetting the Hon Municipal Chief Executive (MCE) and Municipal Coordinating Director (MCD).

The weeklong activities included sensitization by environmental Health officers to create awareness about the negative effects of indiscriminate disposal of solid waste, poor drain maintenance and the role of every citizen to safeguard the environment to minimize the incidence of flooding; sensitization with information van; distribution of fliers with behavioural change messages and pasting of “stop the floods” posters at vantage points.

The focal activity, clean-up exercise came off on Friday 1 March 2024. The exercise started at exactly 6am from Gigga Junction through the principal streets of Santa Maria ending at Jah Love. Staff of GCMA and the community members come together to desilt drains, clear weeds and collect refuse along the main road. Two compactors and a KIA Rhino were deployed for collection of refuse and silt. In the end, the OCYF compactor and GARID compactor conveyed one and two trips of refuse respectively, the KIA Rhino evacuated four trips of drain silt.  The exercise was successful at the end with an estimated number of five hundred and seventy nine participating.

Most municipalities and District Assemblies are confronted with challenges on how to dispose of their solid and liquid waste in their respective areas. A well-managed waste disposal mechanism will to a large extent minimize the spread of infections and diseases as well as enhance the quality of life in the environment. The data assembled in Table 8.12 show that 43.3 percent of all households burn their solid waste while 33.9 percent of households have their wastes collected. Other ways of solid waste disposal by households are disposal into public dump (container) 9.6 percent and public dump (open space) 7.3 percent. Five percent of households

bury their solid wastes.

Liquid waste disposal
Table 8.12 also shows that over two-fifths (46.5%) throw their liquid waste onto the compound, another 18.6 percent of households throw their water onto the street outside while 14.2 percent of households discharge their liquid waste into gutters. About 8.5 percent of households throw their liquid waste into soak away disposal systems while 6.7 percent of households throw their liquid waste through a drainage system into gutters. The sewerage system is used to dispose of liquid wastes by about 5.1 percent of all households.

GCMA however sees some of these challenges as attitudinal and strict enforcement of assembly by-laws and is therefore making franktic effort especially in the strict enforcement of the by-laws. GCMA intends to prosecute offenders who flaw the laws of the assembly. The assembly is also embaking on some initiatives by providing low cost effective toilet facilities under the name 'TOILET @ HALF PRICE' for residence of the municipality. Under this project which is been sponsored by the world bank (GAMA PROJECT) ,GCMA has been able to construct a number of toilets facilities in the ablekuma electoral area.


Table 8.12: Method of solid and liquid waste disposal (SOURCE:GHANA STATISTICAL SERVICE-2010 POPULATION & HOUSING CENSUS)


Waste disposal

Total

Municipal

Country

Region

Number

Percent

Method of rubbish disposal by household

Total

5,467,054

1,036,370

28,936

100.0

Collected

785,889

502,642

9,822

33.9

Burned by household

584,820

134,654

12,248

42.3

Public dump (container)

1,299,654

266,287

2,771

9.6

Public dump (open space)

2,061,403

87,379

2,120

7.3

Dumped indiscriminately

498,868

22,123

509

1.8

Buried by household

182,615

14,003

1,354

4.7

Other

53,805

9,282

112

0.4

Method of liquid waste disposal by household

Total

5,467,054

1,036,370

28,936

100.0

Through the sewerage system

183,169

95,188

1,462

5.1

Through drainage system into a gutter

594,404

191,228

1,928

6.7

Through drainage into a pit (soak away)

167,555

55,807

2,463

8.5

Thrown onto the street/outside

1,538,550

127,782

5,369

18.6

Thrown into gutter

1,020,096

351,349

4,119

14.2

Thrown onto compound

1,924,986

208,821

13,441

46.5

Other

38,294

6,195

154

0.5

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